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Análisis de la Hb 1275

16 Febrero 2013 No hay Comentarios

Cortesía de Chris Tall (http://www.flickr.com/photos/tallchris/)

Por Mike Sayer
Cortesía de Echo Surhttp://southernecho.org/s/
Febrero 16, 2013

Una vez que lea la legislación vigente,MS Código 29-1-75, podrás ver los efectos insidiosos de la HB 1275, que enmendaría la ley existente. Aquí está la textof toda la legislación vigente:

 

Perder. Code Ann. § 29-1-75

§ 29-1-75. ¿Quién puede comprar

Actualidad

Salvo que se disponga lo contrario en esta sección, ni una empresa ni un extranjero no residente, ni ninguna asociación de personas compuesta en su totalidad o en parte de extranjeros no residentes, podrá, directa o indirectamente, adquirir o ser propietario de ninguna de las tierras públicas; y cada patente concedida en contravención del presente documento será nulo. Una corporación bancaria poseer esas tierras fiscales por la caducidad o la celebración de una hipoteca o escritura de fideicomiso sobre el mismo en el momento de la venta al estado, y cuya hipoteca o escritura de fideicomiso se encuentra todavía en vigor y efecto, pueden comprar esas tierras, independientemente de la superficie, propiedad de que como se ha dicho, o en el que ejercían una hipoteca o escritura de fideicomiso. En caso de compra de dicha corporación como un acreedor hipotecario, tales tierras se celebrarán en beneficio del deudor hipotecario sujeto a todos los términos y condiciones de la hipoteca o escritura de fideicomiso celebrado por la corporación bancaria de compra y, upon payment of the debt secured by such mortgage or deed of trust, together with interest and incidents, such banking corporation shall in that event reconvey such lands to the original mortgagor, his heirs or assigns.

 

Nonresident aliens may acquire and hold not to exceed three hundred twenty (320) acres of public lands in this state for the purpose of industrial development thereon. Además, any nonresident alien may acquire and hold not to exceed five (5) acres of public lands for residential purposes. If any land acquired by a nonresident alien for the purpose of industrial development ceases to be used for industrial development, it shall escheat to the public body that sold such land to the nonresident alien.

 

1.      Check out the 2nd paragraph.  HB 1275 deletes this paragraph in its entirety.  Under existing law, 29-1-75, nonresident aliens can own public lands for industrial development and for residential purposes.  Under HB 2175 both kinds of rights would be eliminated.

 

2.      Check out the first sentence where the highlighted portion refers to “corporations”.  Under existing law, 29-1-75, corporations are barred from owning public lands.  Period.  Under HB 2175 the prohibition against corporations is lifted.

 

3.      In summary:  nonresident aliens are denied rights they now have; corporations are provided rights they did not have.

 

4.      I think you can make the argument that this bill is the kind of penalty pre-empted by the federal government under the Supreme Court decision in the Arizona case.  The counter-argument is that the disposition of state lands should be a prerogative of the state and not the federal government.  I am not sure how this would shake out.

 

5.      Separate and apart from any other consideration, I do not think that the state has the power to deny rights to an entire organization because one or more of its members is undocumented.  That guilt by association, that penalty or forfeiture of rights by association seems inconsistent with fundamental fairness.

 

Sin embargo, keep in mind that the Taft-Hartley and McCarren Acts did just that with regard to leadership that is alleged to be involved with the Communist Party; the federal government is doing that with regard to anyone or any organization that has an alleged association with a person or persons who may be supporters of foreign organizations alleged by the government to be terrorist organizations.  And now the federal government is claiming the right to kill anyone, including American citizens, because they think such persons might at some time consider opposing United States interests abroad.

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